To what extent does the debate over federalization of state crimes cut across traditional ideological values as represented in the due process model and the crime control model?
Due process model and crime control model:
Federalization of state crimes affects ideological values of a society. Due process model and crime control model are the two important criminal justice models.
As the name suggests a crime control model is a conservative approach to crime. It gives importance to the protection of society from criminals by making control over criminal justice and conduct. It ensures protection by imposing strict punishment for crimes. It guarantees swift actions against crimes.
Due process model is a liberal approach to criminal justice. It takes care of criminal rights. Under this punishment will be ordered only when a victim is found guilty. It will take its own time and legal formalities, to prove a case. It takes a process or step by step investigation procedures to prove a case.
In case, the crime control system is implemented in a system, it will smoothly ensure a high degree of conviction and apprehension. It should ensure a reasonable speed and finality in its dealings.
On the other hand, due process model ensures reliability of fact-finding process. It will ensure no faults in the adjudication of a crime. This process will help to find whether the victim is guilty or not. Due process model ensures no psychological coercion before a crime is materially proven.
So both the models protect the ideological values of the society in different ways. Both crime control system and due process model is needed to protect such values that are followed by the society traditionally.